South Georgia

South Georgia is located in the middle of the South Atlantic some 1400 kilometers from the Falkland Islands. The island is classed as ‘sub Antarctic’ and has been under British Administration since 1908, except for a brief period in 1982 when it was occupied during the Falklands War. The island is the home of the Applied Fisheries Research Station, staffed by scientists from the British Antarctic Survey and the Museum of South Georgia. It is also the site of Shackleton’s grave.

South Georgia was originally a base of whaling and the main station was at Gritvyken on the north east side of the island. The station was powered by hydropower up until the time it fell into disuse in the 1960s. Morrison International was commissioned to undertake some refurbishment and rebuilding work at the main base at Grytviken. In discussions with Gilbert Gilkes & Gordon Ltd of Kendal it was decided to install a new hydroelectric generation system, using much of the existing infrastructure.

A 13.5” Twinjet Turgo Impulse was commissioned in 2018. A Turgo Impulse turbine is ideally suited to this application as it maintains efficiency over a large flow range and is of a proven and rugged design. The main power station is very quiet; the main sound being the water in the tailrace in the bottom of the building as it makes its way to the sea. South Georgia plays host to over 5,000 visitors a year and has become one of the world’s most exclusive destinations for environmental tourists. The Hydropower Station is a short distance from the site of Shackleton’s grave – you can be sure that he would have approved of the conversion to green renewable energy thereby preserving the natural beauty of an island he died upon almost 100 years ago.


  • Gilkes 13.5” Twin Jet Turgo Turbine
  • Hydraulic Control Module
  • Main Inlet Valve with actuator
  • Electro Hydraulic Governor System
  • Synchronous Generator with Flywheel
  • Control Panel
  • Head level sensor
  • Installation & Commissioning
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Key Stats

  • Commissioned 2007
  • Power 250 kW
  • Net Head 65 m
  • Flow 472 l/s
  • Turbine Type Twin Jet Turgo